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What is 'carbon footprint'?

A carbon footprint is a way to quantify how much carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases are produced by human activity and released into the atmosphere. Energy use, transportation, industrial processes, and agriculture are a few examples of these activities.

Carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e), a standard unit that accounts for the many greenhouse gases emitted and their potential to cause global warming, is the most common unit used to estimate carbon footprints.

The carbon footprint of an individual, a company, or a nation may all be quantified using various tools and techniques. Once a carbon footprint has been calculated, actions can be taken to reduce it, including improving energy efficiency, switching to renewable energy sources, taking the bus or biking instead of driving, and cutting back on meat intake.

Because greenhouse gases contribute to climate change, which can have serious effects on the environment and human society, such as rising sea levels, more frequent and severe natural catastrophes, and disruptions to food and water supplies, it is crucial to reduce carbon footprints.

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