In the European Union (EU), it is the employer's responsibility to do a health and safety risk assessment. The EU Framework Directive 89/391/EEC on the implementation of measures to foster improvements in worker safety and health at work imposes this requirement.
Employers are required under this directive to take reasonable preventative and protective measures to ensure the safety and health of their employees, including identifying and evaluating workplace risks. When work starts, a risk assessment should be conducted. It should also be reviewed and updated periodically, especially if changes are made to the job or the workplace that could have an impact on health and safety.
The risk assessment should determine any workplace hazards, assess the risks posed by those hazards, and determine the best course of action to reduce or eliminate those risks. The demands of particular groups of workers, such as those with disabilities, and the hazards associated with particular job duties, including the usage of dangerous materials or equipment, should also be included in the risk assessment.
Employers are responsible for making sure that employees are aware of the dangers involved with their jobs, as well as the safeguards in place to protect their health and safety. Also, when conducting a risk assessment and creating preventive and protective measures, businesses are expected to interact with their employees and their representatives, such as health and safety committees.
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